SHABESTAN News Agency: The hope for governing of “The Eminent” in bright future and establishment of worldwide justice and peace is something intrinsic for every human being. Human beings based on their inside creation are pursuing of a day when the planet earth has escaped from injustice and ruination, anarchies, insecurities and miseries and achieved eventually peace and calm in the lights of guidance of a competent governor along with confirmation and affection of the universe Creator.
The most religions and sects around the world have emphasized on a reformer who will emerge and put an end to distortions and deviations and establish the base of a united and worldwide government. The prophets and celestial messengers entirely have announced people with clear and bright tidings. This thought in Islam known as Mahdaviat (Messianism) same as other religions is originated from divine speech. Accordingly Qur’an as Muslims’ Holy Book has perfectly and insistently promised ultimate victory of the virtue against the vice to all people in the world and announced the Eminent′ s and competent′ s government.
Taking the leading Islamic taught as well as Prophet Muhammad’s illuminating quotations Muslims believe that: That headman who will prepare the Eminent’s domination over the world is nobody unless a descendent from the last Allah’s Prophet namely the Excellency Mahdi (May Allah Hurry Bringing Him). Although the Qur’an annunciating of this in general and comprehensively, Shiite interpreters and some from Sunnis have known the related verses correlated to the Excellency Mahdi (MAHBH) according to the quotations from prophet’s family (Ahl al-bait) and Muslim scientists’ views. In their opinion the most important verse revealing the righteous governing in the end times is below:
“Before this, We wrote in the Psalms, after the Torah (given to Moses): My servants the righteous, shall inherit the earth.”
—Qur’an, Sura 21 (Al-Anbiya), Verse 105.
In this verse one of the most distinct and bright but earthly reward to the believers (that is dominating and governing over this world) has been pointed to and in number of quotations this paramount event have been known to be in the Mahdi’s reappearance era.
First let’s take a look at the phrases in this verse.
Zabour – or Psalms according to old testament – is a collection of chants and praises of Prophet David (PBUH) and his revelations . Some of scholars interpret it as a general title for holy books.
Zikr – Principally it refers to whatever reminds something but in this verse proportional to its precedent word “Zabour” in the verse, it is interpreted as “Torah” – the Holy Book of the Prophet Moses (PBUH).
Earth – means earth globe unless the text implies otherwise.
Inheritance – means some belongings which are transferred to someone not by transaction. In Holy Qu′ran, sometimes it means dominance and sovereignty of the righteous and the competent over the wicked and also possessing their gifts and endowments.
But what is this competency? Since they are called servants of god it is understood that they are faithful and Monotheist and the world of “righteous men” denotes all kinds of competency: good deeds, piety, knowledge and intelligence, power, good counsel, discipline and social sense. These competencies leads to unique graces. In such a way that if faithful servants of God, acquire these competencies, God will assist them in their path to defeat arrogant people and remove their bloody hands from earth and inherit their possessings.
Thus, they will not rule earth, just because they were oppressed in the earth, but they should have faith and acquire such competencies, and oppressed people in the world, won’t rule the earth until they revive these two principles.
But what is the meaning of inheritance? Allameh Tabatabaii states as the interpretation of this verse that: inheritance of earth indicates that possession of benefits is transferred to the righteous and graces and bless of life in the world become their proprietary. These graces may be worldly which denotes their share in the worldly life. – in this interpretation the essence of this verse is that “soon the earth is purged from the filth of heresy and sins; and righteous men’s society which serve God and do not associate anyone with him shall live in earth” as it is quoted in some place else in Qu′ran:
“God promised those who believed in Him among you, and made good deeds, He shall make them successors in the earth, as He made successors those from before them” –;
These graces also may relates to the afterlife which means the heavenly ranks which they earned in this world, Because these ranks – although belong to afterlife graces – are outcome of worldly life. As it is referred in this verse:
“And they said:” The praise is (to God who was truthful to us) in His promise, and made us inherit the earth, we reside from the Paradise where/ when we will” which narrates the word of inhabitants of paradise and this verse: “It is they who will be the inheritors * who shall inherit paradise…”
The observations reveal that this verse indicates to two special inheritances of worldly and afterlife, but rather both are included, and the commentators who assign it to the afterlife and belive the verses fit that inheritance, make mistakes. Either those commentators who determine this verse to worldly inheritance – the rise of Islam or the Mahdi (a.s.) era which has been reported in frequent-repeatedly sayins from Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and Sunnis have quoted them, too – still have not gone the right way, because the given narratives are clear.
In short, as we said, the noble verse is bsolute and included both heredities.
The interpretation of the noble verse, Imam Baqir (A.S.) is quoted as saying:
“These worthy servants, truly is the Mohammad’s (PBUH) dynasty which the Great Lord will send Al-Mahdi for them after their attempts. He will bestow upon them the dignity and disgrace their enemies.”
Clearly, the concept of the narrative, isn’t a monopoly, but is an expression of a distinct and obvious examples and these interpretations doesn’t limit the generality of the verse, so whenever the righteous servants of God will stand, shall win and be successful, and finally they will inherit the earth and rule it. 
To conclude, it should be remembered that the above interpretation of the Psalms of David, or similar verses can be seen in several parts of it despite of all distortions in these books. Some of these parts are as follows:
“The spiteful will be cut off, but believers in Lord will inherit the earth, and in short time the wicked will disappear. Although you investigate for him, He will be invisible.” 
“But the humble will inherit the land; it will be a lot of peace and healthiness.” 
“Blessed Lord will inherit the earth, but the damned … will be cut off.” 
“Saints inherit the earth, they will dwell therein forever.” 
“Lord knows the days of the righteous, and his legacy will be everlasting.” 
The word “the righteous” as stated in the Qu′ran, can be seen in the Psalms of David. Moreover, in other words, like the saints, trustful, blessed and humbles, in the other sentences listed. This interpretation confirms universality of the “righteous” and be conformed to reappearance sayings of the holiness Mahdi (a.s.).
Thus it can be concluded that the Excellent God recognizes the last government for the “righteous servants.”
1- Surat Al-‘Anbyā’ (21), verse 105.
2- Allama Majlisi, Bihar al-Anwar, vol 9, p 223.
3- Sheikh Kulayni enough (Kafi), Vol 1, p 225.
4- Tabarsi, Javame-ol-Jame’, vol 3, p 31.
5- Refer to : Al-‘A`rāf (7), verse 137.
6- Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that He will surely grant them succession [to authority]upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them [therein]their religion which He has preferred for them and that He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security, [for]they worship Me, not associating anything with Me. But whoever disbelieves after that – then those are the defiantly disobedient. Surat An-Nūr (55).
7- And they will say, “Praise to Allah , who has fulfilled for us His promise and made us inherit the earth [so]we may settle in Paradise wherever we will. And excellent is the reward of [righteous]workers.” Surah Az-Zumar , verse 74.
8- Who will inherit al-Firdaus. They will abide therein eternally.Sura, verse 11.
9- Muhammad Ibn Hassan Tusi, Alghybh book, page 184.
10- Interpretation of the sample(Tafsir e Nemoone) , vol 13, p 515- 524.
11- Psalms of David, 37, paragraph 9.
12- Ibid, paragraph 11.
13- Ibid, 37, paragraph 27.
14- Ibid, paragraph 29.
15- Ibid, paragraph 18.
Author: Khoda Morad Salimian
Source: messianic professional Center Special for Ramadan