The 12th Imam and longevity
This much longevity isn’t usual among of world’s people. These days longevity is a common subject ( a solved problem) because these latest years and decades we face people’s name who are 150-250 years old in magazines and newspapers.
In our point of view the 12th Imam longevity isn’t a problem; it’s just a surprising subject.
The 12th Imam was born in Shaban 15th (256 h.g) which is confirmed by all the Shia scientists and most Sunni scientists. This article checks this subject from Shia’s books by considering verses and traditions from Prophet Mohammad and also it’s considering this subject in aspect of science and wisdom.
According to traditions the advent of the 12th Imam will be in end of the world who develops justice in all over the world. He is the child of Imam Hasan Askari ( the 11th Imam ) and was born in Shaban 15th ( 256 H.G). This fact confirmed by all Shia and most Sunni scientists. The fact of this discussion is that God’s reserve has longevity till now. He has a longevity more than 1150 years.
Yes; in our point of view the 12th Imam longevity isn’t a problem; it’s just a surprising matter but Shia opponents see this surprising matter as a problem and exaggerate that till using his longevity as a reason for denying him. We’re responsible to define public opinions to avoid the opponents’ ideas.
The history of longevity
It’s a few more than 10 centuries went past after the first time of the 12th Imam longevity that call as a problem. From that day Imamates’ opponents always exacerbate the 12th Imam longevity.
Divide the Shia books
The Shia scientists’ writing and works particularly can divide into two groups:
The first groups are the works which wrote before 370 H.G.
The second groups are the works which wrote after the mention date.
In first groups there aren’t any impression of the 12th Imam life time was usual ( natural) till this time because there wasn’t any question in that time public opinion.
The Basar Aldarajat by Mohammad Ebn Hasan Safar Ghomi ( death 290 H.G ); Kafi by Sheikh Koleini Razy ( death 329 H.G); Shahro Al Akhbar Fi Fazael Aeme Athar by Ghazi Noman Ebn Mohammad Tamimi Maghrebi ( death 363 H.G) and Alghaybe book by Mohammad E bn Ebrahim Noamani ( known by Ebn Abi Zeinab ) who is (was) Sheikh Koleini’s best student. These are the writing of this period.
However the last scientist’s death isn’t determined but is understandable that because he didn’t mention anything about the 12th Imam Longevity problem so there wasn’t any question from this aspect in Islamic society’s public opinion; And probably because of this he didn’t mention anything. We can guess his death probably was before 375 H.G. because the longevity problem mentioned in the end of 4th century H.G and scientists object it in this period.